I own a home in Oregon and for the last five years, each time we get a lot of rain, the basement leaks. I have called my insurance company each and every time only to be told it was a flood and I don't have flood insurance. I've paid for a French drain, paid twice to have the carpeting replaced and I had the entire downstairs drywall torn out, the walls sealed, paint molding, etc. I have a friend who is an insurance agent in another state and she says my insurance should have covered the damage to my finished basement as it is ground saturation, not flood. Is my friend right? Do I need flood insurance?
Let's start with the flood question. Homeowners policies generally do not cover flood. Flood is typically defined as flood, surface water, waves, tidal water, overflow of a body of water, or spray from any of these, whether or not driven by wind. Flood insurance is available from the National Flood Insurance Program (NFIP); however, we do not believe water seepage into your basement would be covered by a flood policy if it's coming from underground.
Flood is defined by NFIP as:
A general and temporary condition of partial or complete inundation of two or more acres of normally dry land area or of two or more properties (at least one of which is the policyholder's property) from overflow of inland or tidal waters; unusual and rapid accumulation or runoff of surface waters from any source; mudflow; or collapse or subsidence of land along the shore of a lake or similar body of water as a result of erosion or undermining caused by waves or currents of water exceeding anticipated cyclical levels that result in a flood as defined above.
So, essentially, flood coverage only comes into play when there is actual flooding. Additional information is available from the flood smart website at: www.floodsmart.gov/floodsmart/pages/index.jsp
Now let's address the information your friend provided about water seepage. Again, homeowners policies generally don't cover water or water-borne material below the surface of the ground including water which exerts pressure on or seeps or leaks through a building, sidewalk, driveway, foundation, swimming pool or other structure. It sounds like you've taken steps to prevent future losses, and we recommend consumers regularly inspect gutters, downspouts, drainage systems and outdoor irrigation systems to prevent this type of loss. Insurance is state regulated, so there may be some differences from state to state, but our subject matter experts have not seen an insurance policy that would provide coverage for water seepage through basement walls.
If you have a sump pump in your basement or other plumbing, check with your agent to be sure you have coverage for water or water-borne material which backs up through sewers or drains. Most insurance companies have an endorsement that provides limited coverage for this for an additional premium.
If you have questions or if you are experiencing difficulties with your insurance company or agent, the Insurance Division Consumer Advocacy Team is available at 1-888-877-4894. Information is also available on our website, www.insurance.oregon.gov.