Safety and health newsletter for the Oregon construction industry

May 16, 2014

 

Fall protection requirements for aerial lifts

Aerial lift fall protection

If you are going to operate an aerial lift, you must be trained how to use it and you must be protected from falling or being ejected when you are on the platform. The type of fall protection you need depends on the type of lift you use. The American National Standards Institute defines and sets operating standards for four different types of aerial lifts:

What are Oregon OSHA's requirements? Here is a summary.

Vehicle-mounted elevating and rotating aerial lifts (ANSI/SAI A92.2)

Platforms other than buckets or baskets must have guardrails, midrails, and toeboards.

Each worker must use a personal fall protection system with a body belt or body harness when on the platform. A body belt may be used only in a personal fall restraint system when the lanyard is short enough and rigged to the lift's designated anchor point so the worker cannot climb the guardrail or be ejected out of the platform. If a body harness is used, it must be part of a personal fall arrest system. The aerial lift must be able to withstand the vertical and lateral loads of an arrested fall.

Each worker must stand firmly on the platform at all times and must not sit or climb on the edge of the basket.

The manufacturer's operating manual must be with the equipment. Workers must follow all manufacturers' operating and maintenance instructions and recommendations.

Manually propelled elevating aerial platforms (ANSI/SIA A92.3)

Workers cannot be on the platform when the lift is moved horizontally.

The platform must have guardrails 42 inches high (plus or minus three inches), midrails, and toeboards at least four inches high.

Platforms must be designed so that if sections of guardrails are removed, there are anchor points for a lanyard. While using the lift, workers must ensure that the guardrails are installed according to the manufacturer's instructions and that access gates are closed.

Each worker must stand firmly on the platform at all times and must not use ladders or any other means for additional height.

The manufacturer's operating manual must be with the equipment. Workers must follow all manufacturers' operating and maintenance instructions and recommendations.

Boom-supported elevating work platforms (ANSI/SIA A92.5)

The platform must have guardrails 42 inches high (plus or minus three inches), midrails, and toeboards at least four inches high.

While using the lift, workers must ensure that guardrails are installed according to the manufacturer's instructions and access gates are closed.

Each worker must use a personal fall protection system with a body belt or body harness when on the platform. A body belt may only be used in a personal fall restraint system when the lanyard is short enough and rigged to the lift's designated anchor point so that the worker cannot climb the guardrail or be ejected from the platform. If a body harness is used, it must be part of a personal fall arrest system. The aerial lift must be able to withstand the vertical and lateral loads of an arrested fall.

The manufacturer's operating manual must be with the equipment. Workers must follow all manufacturers' operating and maintenance instructions and recommendations.

Self-propelled elevating work platforms (ANSI/SIA A92.6)

The platform must be enclosed by guardrails 42 inches high (plus or minus three inches) midrails, and toeboards at least four inches high.

While using the lift, workers must ensure that guardrails are installed according to the manufacturer's instructions and that access gates are closed.

Each worker must stand firmly on the platform at all times and must not sit or climb on the edge of the basket.

The manufacturer's operating manual must be with the equipment. Workers must follow all manufacturers' operating and maintenance instructions and recommendations.

Required training for aerial lift operators

Workers who use aerial lifts must have training that meets the requirements in 1926.454 (Scaffolding, Division 3, Subdivision L). Here are the key requirements:

Workers must be trained by a person qualified in the subject matter of the lift they will use. They must be able to recognize the hazards associated with the lift and must know how to control or minimize the hazards.

Training must cover:

Retraining

Workers must be retrained when they do not safely use the lift. Other reasons for retraining include worksite changes that create new hazards and changes in the types of scaffolds, fall protection, or falling-object protection used.

Safe practices

Keep in mind the following when using an aerial lift:

Where to find more information

Oregon OSHA rules for aerial lifts

Program Directive A-242: Fall Protection: Personnel Lifts Used in Construction

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