Workers who could be exposed to fall hazards must be able to identify the hazards and know procedures that prevent or control them.
A key indicator of an effective safety program is the level of knowledge that employees have about site-specific hazards. This requires training in hazard recognition based on an employee's work environment and site-specific hazards.
Employees must be trained before they begin tasks that could expose them to fall hazards or before they use fall-protection systems. They must be retrained when they don't recognize fall hazards, when they don't follow safe practices for using fall-protection systems, and when changes in the workplace or in the fall-protection systems used make their previous training obsolete.
As an employer, you can determine how to train your employees. What's important is that, through training, your employees can recognize fall hazards and know how to minimize the hazards.
The trainer must be a competent person. A competent person is one who can identify work-site hazards and who has management authority to control them. The trainer must know and be able to explain the following:
You must document in writing that employees have been trained and that they know what fall-protection systems or methods to use, how to use them, and when to use them regardless of their experience. Include their names, training dates, and the trainer's signature.
Keep a record of each employee's fall-protection training. Include the employee's name, the training date, and the trainer's name. Record the information on a simple form or spreadsheet that includes that information.
For some folks, being certified simply means, "I've got a card and that card says I'm certified." But that doesn't necessarily mean the person has been tested and found proficient at a particular task.
For Oregon OSHA, "certified" means the employer verified that the employee knows what he or she is doing when operating equipment; the certification is a document that includes the trainer's name, the trainee's name, and the training date. Verification by the employer ensures that the employee received training on the specific topic or equipment, was tested, has sufficient practical experience, and can use or operate the equipment safely.